While we discuss cannabis as a monolithic title, it’s much more nuanced. Cannabis is actually a genus in the scientific classification system. Whether you’re a cannabis producer or consumer, the more you know about this unique plant, the better your experience with it will be. Here are the most common lower classifications of cannabis you should know.
Every cannabis species appears slightly different, offering varied qualities in psychoactive efficacy and general emotional response. One species of cannabis, indica, features a short stem with broad, chunky leaves. The plant has a short flowering cycle compared to the others on this list, meaning it produces buds in less time.
Consumers often describe it as relaxing, causing euphoric, happy, and sleepy feelings. These effects gave the indica the moniker “nighttime strain.” Since this species is more relaxing than cannabis sativa, people often use it to unwind for the night.
The next variety, cannabis sativa, has a long stem with thin, narrow leaves. Its tall stature makes it stand out among the lower classifications of cannabis. Sativa has a long flowering cycle, so it will require more time to bud. People often describe sativa’s effects as uplifting and mood-enhancing, making it perfect for social settings.
The cannabis ruderalis variation is short and stalky. It’s an auto-flowering strain, meaning it changes from vegetating to flowering based on its age rather than photoperiodic timing. Ruderalis is a low-THC variety of cannabis, so it produces minimal effects when consumed.
This unique cannabis species is native to central and eastern Europe—including Russia. It adapted to the extreme environments of the region, earning the Latin species name that describes plants that grow among weeds and waste.
Knowing the most common lower classifications of cannabis can help you find hemp products that meet your specific needs. If you want to develop a nighttime, mood-boosting, or low-THC strain, you’ll need to find slightly different plant bases. Chromatographic techniques for cannabis identification are the ideal option for producers. You can market the specific strain and effects that you offer customers.